TABLE 2.

List of 27 bacterial isolates identified by 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis for the first time in humans

SpeciesCladeaGenBank accession no.Site of isolationPatient informationReference
AgeGenderUnderlying conditionClinical diagnosis
Potential new species
    “Actinobaculum massiliaeHigh-GC Gram+AF487679Urine81 yrFUrinary tract infection12
    “Candidatus Actinobaculum timonae”High-GC Gram+AY008311Duodenal biopsyMEnteritis catheter-related bacteremia
    Paenibacillus sanguinisLow-GC Gram+AY230764Blood52 yrMRhinopharynx tumorBacteremia27
    “Candidatus Bacteroides massiliae”Bacteroides-CytophagaAY126616Blood1 dayFPrematurityPremature rupture of membranes
    Chryseobacterium massiliaeFlavobacteriaAF531766NoseFHomelessnessRhinitis11
    “Candidatus Chryseobacterium timonae”Flavobacterium-CytophagaAY244770Blood73 yrMUlcerative colitis
    Paenibacillus massiliensisLow-GC Gram+AY230766Blood13 yrMLeukemiaCatheter-related bacteremia27
    “Candidatus Peptostreptococcus massiliae”Low-GC Gram+AY244772Blood44 yrFBurnSepsis
    “Candidatus Prevotella massiliensis”Bacteroides-CytophagaAF487886Blood32 yrMSevere traumaBacteremia
    Rhodobacter massiliensisα-ProteobacteriaAY244771BloodMMesotheliomaBacteremia13
    “Candidatus Veillonella atypica”Low-GC Gram+AY244769Blood75 yrFLung carcinomaBacteremia
Species never isolated from humans before
    Arthrobacter nicotianaeHigh-GC Gram+AJ315492Hip prosthesis40 yrMHip prothesisSepsis9
    Clostridium glycolicumLow-GC Gram+AY244773Peritoneal fluid79 yrFPeritoneal neoplasmPeritonitis4
    Corynebacterium coyleaeHigh-GC Gram+AY244774Blood77 yrM10
    Corynebacterium magusiiHigh-GC Gram+AY244775Wound36 yrMFoot sepsis
    Desulfotomaculum guttoideumLow-GC Gram+Y11568Bone18 yrMOsteomyelitis31
    Haloanella gallinarumBacteroides-CytophagaAY244776BoneMOsteomyelitis21
    Mesorhizobium amorphaeα-ProteobacteriaAY230775Blood3 yrMCardiac abnormality surgeryBacteremia37
    Microbacterium phyllosphaeraeHigh-GC Gram+AJ277840Blood64 yrMSevere traumaBacteremia1
    Micromonospora floridensisHigh-GC Gram+X92621Cardiac valve33 yrMBicuspid aortic valveEndocarditis20
    Mycobacterium ratisbonenseHigh-GC Gram+AF055331Sputum70 yrMChronic bronchitisPneumonia2
    Nocardia corynebacteroidesHigh-GC Gram+X80615Abscess40 yrMHemodialysisIntra-abdominal abscess26
    Paenibacillus amylolyticusLow-GC Gram+D85396Blood60 yrFHemolytic neoplasmBacteremia29
    Paenibacillus maceransLow-GC Gram+AF273740Bone34 yrMOsteomyelitis23
    Paenibacillus stelliferLow-GC Gram+AY244777Blood52 yrMAspiration pneumoniaBacteremia32
    Streptomyces lydicusHigh-GC Gram+Y15507Blood74 yrFChronic obstructive lung diseaseBacteremia14
    Streptomyces sampsoniiHigh-GC Gram+D63871Blood45 yrFThrombopeniaBacteremia33
  • a Gram+, gram positive.