TABLE 4.

Biochemical differentiation of E. hormaechei subspecies from other clinically relevant species of the E. cloacae complex

Species or subspeciesBiochemical test resulta
d-Sorbitold-Fucosel-Fucoseα-d-Melibiose1-0-Methyl-α-galactopyranosideEsculinα-Lactosed-ArabitolDulcitold(+)-RaffinoseAdonitol3-Methyl-d-gluco-pyranose3-Hydroxy-butyrate
E. hormaechei subsp. oharae+VV++V+++
E. hormaechei subsp. hormaechei+V++V++V+V
E. hormaechei subsp. steigerwaltii+V+++V++++
E. asburiaeb+++++++
E. kobeib++++V++−
E. cloacaeb+++V+++
E. dissolvensb+VV+++++V+
  • a Incubation was done at 36°C. Symbols: −, 0 to 10%; −+, 10 to 20%; v, 20 to 80%; +, 80 to 90%; +, 90 to 100%.

  • b Results are according to reference 8.