TABLE 3.

Bartonella sp., Ricketlsia sp., Coxiella burnctii, and Trophyrema whipplei strains detected in the laboratory from August 1991 to September 2003

Species groupIsolate sourceNo. of positive shell-vial culturesSpeciesNo. of strains established from shell-vial culture
Bartonella spp.All135Bartonella113
Human88B. henselae3
B. quintana62
Cat47B. henselae27
B. koehlerae1
B. clarridgiae19
Coxiella burnetiiAll95Coxiella burnetii89
Human9185
Cat44
Tropheryma whippleiAll11Tropheryma whipplei3
Rickettsia spp.All57Rickettsia39
R. conorii18
Human52R. africae12
R. sibirica subsp. mongolitimonae4
R. prowazekii1
R. slovaca1
Tick3R. helvetica1
R. slovaca2
Lice2R. prowazekii0
  • a Shown are the number of strains detected and established in the laboratory from August 1991 to September 2003 by using the adapted specific shell-vial protocol.