TABLE 6.

Physiological characteristics of strains of 22 species of nonhaemolytic streptococci determined by the STREPTOGRAM kita

SpeciesNb% of strains positive
AMYLACNAGTREMANFUCARBRAFαGALSORARAβGALINUMELPALARGESCGLNPYRAHIPVP
Mitis group
    S. mitis1688947500561319316941906430130000
    S. pseudopneumoniae20100100001000000500001000005000
    S. oralis4509398244969158499604203189240022
    S. infantis20100100001000000050000000000
    S. sanguinis11010090.9100082731855639082909630000
    S. gordonii98978100890787800044226708922890000
    S. parasanguinis922891001107822100100221122115610078330000
    S. australis25050100500505000050505005050500000
    S. cristatus30673310000100330010000000330000
    S. peroris10100000000000000100000000
    S. sinensis110010010010001001000001001000001001000000
Anginosus group
    S. anginosus20959559015010020505051510010010000595
    S. constellatus30670670010000067000100676700067
    S. constellatus subsp. pharynges1000000000000001001000000100
    S. intermedius475100100100010010000007500100100100000100
Bovis group
    S. infantarius101000000010010000000000000100
    S. lutetiensis410010000001001001000025250001000000
    S. gallolyticus210010010010010010010010010000100010000100000100
    S. macedonicus10100000100000000000000000
    S. pasteurianus110010001000010010010000100010000100000100
Mutans group
    S. mutans40100010010001007575100250100750257500050
Salivarius group
    S. salivarius367670100067100100033676733033010000067
  • a NAG, N-acetylglucosaminidase detected with p-nitrophenyl-N-acetylglucosaminide as the substrate; FUC, fucopyranosidase detected with p-nitrophenyl-β-d-fucopyranoside as the substrate; αGAL, α-galactosidase detected with p-nitrophenyl-β-d-galactopyranoside as the substrate; βGAL, β-galactosidase detected with 2-naphthyl-β-galactopyranoside as the substrate; PAL, alkaline phosphatase; ARG, arginine dihydrolase; ESC, hydrolysis of esculin; GLN, β-glucuronidase; PYRA, pyrrolidonyl arylamidase; HIP, hydrolysis of hippurate; VP, Voges-Proskauer test; AMY, LAC, TRE, MAN, ARB, RAF, SOR, ARA, INU, and MEL, fermentation of amygdalin, lactose, trehalose, mannitol, arbutin, raffinose, sorbitol, arabinose, inulin, and melibiose, respectively.

  • b N, number of strains.