TABLE 1.

Comparison of characteristics of community-onset versus nosocomial bloodstream infection episodes

CharacteristicCommunity-onset infectionsNosocomial infectionsTotal infections
Total no. of bloodstream infections (%)449 (48)480 (52)929
Mean age (yr [range])61 (17-101)59 (17-98)60 (17-101)
No. female (%)201 (45)206 (43)407 (44)
No. male (%)248 (55)274 (57)522 (56)
Source (for culture confirmed) (no. [%])
    catheter43 (26)57 (26)100 (26)
    Genitourinary32 (19)31 (14)63 (16)
    Gastrointestinal or biliary18 (11)27 (13)45 (12)
    Respiratory12 (7)20 (9)32 (8)
    Skin or soft tissue15 (9)9 (4)24 (6)
Median length of hospital stay (days)6.822.711.5
Crude mortality (no. dead [%])62 (14)163 (34)225 (24)
Attributable mortality (no. dead [%])45 (10)108 (23)153 (17)
Total hospital charges (mean charge [U.S. dollars])27,769105,48867,980