TABLE 3.

Summary of specimen types and numbers positive for HSV-1, HSV-2, VZV, and CMV using the multiplex PCR

Specimen typeNo. testedNo. positive (% of positives)
HSV-1HSV-2VZVCMV
CSF1,59824 (39)11 (18)21 (34)6 (10)
Blood (total)a1,50631 (10)9 (3)7 (2)258 (85)
    Leukocytes73177
    Plasma185452
    Plasma + leuko-     cytes612129
Biopsy tissue50924 (26)6 (7)8 (9)53 (58)
BAL1,00459 (28)3 (1)0150 (71)
Urine9296 (5)4 (3)3 (2)112 (90)
Saliva47743 (43)3 (3)3 (3)52 (51)
Eye swabs946188 (87)3 (1)22 (10)2 (1)
Genital swabs4,109570 (37)925 (60)44 (2.8)5 (0.3)
Swabs (other)b9,4021,811 (47)1,061 (27)919 (24)81 (2)
NPA/NTS409682612
Totalc21,0372,839 (43)2,039 (31)1,039 (16)739 (11)
  • a Plasma and cell fractions combined.\

  • b Anatomical site not specified.\

  • c More than one virus-specific DNA type was detected in 22 (1.04%) of specimens.