TABLE 1.

Microbial agents in 114 patients with diagnoses of pneumonia etiology

PathogenaNo. (%) with indicated infection that were:
HIV+ (67 cases)HIV (47 cases)
Bacterial agents42 (63)24 (51)
    Streptococcus pneumoniae221
    Staphylococcus aureus10
    Haemophilus influenzae3
    Pseudomonas aeruginosa15
    Acinetobacter baumannii12
    Serratia marcescens1
    Morganella morganii1
    Mycobacterium tuberculosis124
    Mycobacterium kansasii2
    Chlamydia pneumoniae1
Fungal agents23 (34)18 (38)
    Aspergillus fumigatus112
    Scedosporium prolificans2
    Penicillium spp.1
    Candida spp.11
    Pneumocystis carinii212
Viral agents6 (9)11 (23)
    IVA37
    PIV21
    PIV31
    CMV12
    Enterovirus1
    RSV1
Polymicrobial infections4 (6)6 (13)
    P. carinii + CMV1
    P. carinii + S. pneumoniae1
    P. carinii + S. pneumoniae + IVA1
    A. fumigatus + P. aeruginosa2
    A. fumigatus + IVA1
    IVA + P. aeruginosa + M. morganii1
    IVA + S. aureus1
    PIV2 + M. tuberculosis1
    RSV + Candida spp.1
  • a IVA, influenza A virus; PIV2, parainfluenza 2 virus; RSV, respiratory syncytial virus.