TABLE 1.

V. parahaemolyticus O3:K6 and O4:K68 strains used and their genotypic characteristics

StrainO:K serovarYr of isolationCountry of isolationSourcePFGE genotypeaPCR result forb:
tdhtrhtoxRS/newtoxRS/oldORF8
KE10495O3:K61996JapanHumanA+++
KE10457O3:K61998JapanHumanA+++
KE10481O3:K61998JapanHumanA+++
KE10484O3:K61998JapanHumanA+++
KE10524O3:K61998JapanSea waterA+++
KE10527O3:K61998JapanFoodA+++
KE10531O3:K61998JapanHumanA+++
NIID965-98O3:K61998United StatesHumanA+++
NIID 59-99O3:K61999ThailandHumanA+++
KE10545O4:K681999IndonesiaHumanA+++
NIID181-99O4:K681999ThailandHumanA+++
NIID 242-2000O4:K682000KoreaHumanA+++
KE9967O3:K61981JapanHumanB++
KE9971O3:K61981JapanFoodB++
KE9984O3:K61981JapanHumanC++
KE10492O3:K61984JapanHumanC++
KE10443O3:K61995JapanHumanC++
KE10463O3:K61987JapanFoodC+
KE10466O3:K61996JapanHumanC++
KE10461O3:K61982JapanEnvironmentalUTc+
KE10491O3:K61983JapanHumanUT+
KE10465O3:K61985JapanHumanUT+
KE10462O3:K61986JapanFoodUT+
KE10464O3:K61988JapanFoodUT+
  • a According to the PFGE typing of SfiI digests described by Arakawa et al. (1).

  • b +, presence of gene; −, absence of gene.

  • c UT, untypeable.