Table 1.

Viral and bacterial strains used in this study for specificity determinationa

OrganismGenusSpeciesStrain (reference no.)Host species/vectorOrigin
Virus family
    RhabdoviridaeLyssavirusRABVCVS-11
RABVGS7 1-11Fox (Vulpes vulpes)France
RABVAriana 2Dog (Canis lupus familiaris)Tunisia
RABVRaccoon dogRaccoon dog (Nyctereutes procyonoides)Poland
RABVSAG2VaccineFrance
RABVSAD-B19VaccineTubingen, Germany
RABVBern-CVaccineOpava, Czech Republic
RABVSAD P5 (SAD 88)VaccinePotsdam, Germany
RABVERAVaccine
RABVHEPVaccine
RABVLEPVaccine
LBV8619NGABat (Eidolon helvum)Nigeria
MOKV86100CAMShrew (Crocidura sp.)Cameroon
DUVV94286SABat (Miniopterus sp.)South Africa
EBLV-1 (subtype a)122938Bat (Eptesicus serotinus)France
EBLV-1 (subtype b)121411Bat (Eptesicus serotinus)France
EBLV-2RV1332Bat (Myotis daubentonii)United Kingdom
ABLV9810AUSBat (Pteropus sp.)Australia
Unassigned (Le Dantec group)LDVLe Dantec virus DakHD 763 (9006SEN)Human (Homo sapiens)Senegal
Unassigned (Ephemerovirus)KOTVKotonkan virus Ib Ar23380 (9145NIG)DipteranNigeria
    FlaviviridaeFlavivirusTBEVTick-borne encephalitis virus, Hypr
WNVWest Nile virus, Eg 101
    ParamyxoviridaeMorbillivirusCDVCanine distemper virus, Arctic lineage
    HerpesviridaeVaricellovirusCHVCanine herpesvirus
EHV1Equine herpesvirus 1
EHV4Equine herpesvirus 4
SHV1Aujeszky's disease virus
VZVVaricella-zoster virus
SimplexvirusHSV1Herpes simplex virus type 1
HSV2Herpes simplex virus type 2
CytomegalovirusHHV5Human herpesvirus 5
RhadinovirusEHV5Equine herpesvirus 5
Bacteria
Leptospira spp.
Escherichia coli
Brucella spp.
Campylobacter spp.
Salmonella spp.
Rickettsia spp.
Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato
Anaplasma spp.
Protozoa
Atoxoplasma spp.
Toxoplasma spp.
Plasmodium spp.
Neospora spp.
  • a Lyssaviruses belonging to different species and other pathogens commonly responsible for encephalitis in mammals were tested.