Table 1

Comparative demographic and clinical features of encephalitis patients associated with enterovirus and other virus (Japanese encephalitis virus, dengue virus, and chikungunya virus) in the present studya

VariableResult for patients with:P value
EVAE (n = 32)OVAE (n = 44)
Demographics
Age (yr, means ± SD)5.8 ± 3.45.2 ± 3.5NS
Sex (no. [%])
    Male18 (56.2)35 (79.5)0.043
    Female14 (43.8)9 (20.5)
Clinical symptoms (no. [%])
    Fever32 (100)44 (100)NS
    Headache20 (62.5)35 (79.5)NS
    Neck stiffness14 (43.7)33 (75)0.008
    Altered sensorium26 (81.2)24 (54.5)NS
    Convulsion25 (78.1)28 (63.6)NS
    Coma5 (15.6)15 (34.1)NS
    Personality change14 (43.7)8 (18.2)0.021
    Myalgia3 (9.4)5 (11.4)NS
    Seizure10 (31.2)17 (38.6)NS
    Focal neurologic finding9 (28.1)4 (9.1)NS
    Abdominal pain1 (3.1)4 (9.1)NS
    Vomiting12 (37.5)17 (38.6)NS
    Rash3 (9.4)3 (6.81)0.023
    Diarrhea8 (25)2 (4.5)0.036
    Hepatomegaly2 (6.2)8 (18.2)NS
    Death12 (37.5)6 (13.6)
Laboratory findings (no. [%])
    CSF pleocytosis26 (81.2)37 (84.1)NS
    Elevated CSF protein25 (78.1)31 (70.5)NS
  • a SD, standard deviations; NS, not significant; EVAE, enterovirus-associated encephalitis; OVAE, other-virus-associated encephalitis.