TABLE 2

Multivariate analysis of factors associated with relapse or reinfection among 82 patients with a second episode of CDI

Factor associated with indicated disease categoryOR (95% CI)P value
Relapse
    Infection with BI/NAP1/027 strain6.9 (1.7, 28.2)0.007
    Opiate use during previous episode13.1 (3.2, 54.0)<0.001
Reinfection
    Non-CDI antibiotic (previous episode)0.1 (0.02, 0.5)0.007
    Inflammatory bowel disease0.04 (0.0, 0.5)0.011
    Antimicrobial(s) (12 wk prior prior to 2nd episode)0.1 (0.01, 0.8)0.033