Table 1

Demographic characteristics of enrolled children and detection methods by case and control status

Characteristics and detection methodsCases (n = 1,500)Controls (n = 2,110)Total (n = 3,610)
No.%No.%
Age group (mo)
    0 to <1264545.975954.11,404
    12 to <2449739.975060.11,247
    24 to 5935837.360162.7959
Site
    The Gambia41844.053256.0950
    Mali13948.814651.2285
    Kenya69444.287555.81,569
    Bangladesh24930.955769.1806
Male83441.31,18758.72,021
Detection method
    Culture1,50041.62,11058.53,610
    16S rRNA gene survey51351.049349.01,006
    GoldenGate assay67846.378853.81,466
    Universal Biosensor assay1,32741.71,85258.33,179