Table 2

Isolates, from patients with biofilm-associated disease, that were used for analytical assay validationa

Group and speciesNo. of isolates (total n = 354)
Staphylococcus spp.201
    S. aureus85
    Coagulase-negative Staphylococcus spp.116
        S. epidermidis80
        S. lugdunensis16
        S. warneri8
        S. capitis3
        S. caprae3
        S. simulans3
        Otherb3
Propionibacterium spp.41
    P. acnes29
    P. avidum10
    P. granulosum2
Enterobacteriaceae28
    Escherichia coli5
    Enterobacter cloacae4
    Proteus mirabilis3
    Klebsiella pneumoniae3
    Klebsiella oxytoca2
    Otherc11
Streptococcus spp.15
    S. agalactiae3
    S. dysgalactiae3
    S. pyogenes2
    S. pneumoniae2
    S. salivarius2
    Otherd3
Bacteroides fragilis group13
    B. fragilis8
    B. thetaiotaomicron2
    Othere3
Gram-positive anaerobic cocci12
    Finegoldia magna8
    Otherf4
Actinomyces spp.g11
Pseudomonas aeruginosa10
Enterococcus faecalis9
Corynebacterium spp.h5
Granulicatella adiacens3
Abiotrophia defectiva2
Otheri4
  • a Categories shown in boldface were targeted with specific assays.

  • b Includes one S. haemolyticus, one S. hominis, and one S. saprophyticus isolate.

  • c Includes one Citrobacter freundii, one C. koseri, one E. aerogenes, one Morganella morganii, one Pantoea agglomerans, one P. vulgaris, one Providencia rettgeri, one Salmonella sp., one Serratia liquifaciens, one S. marcescens, and one Shigella flexneri isolate.

  • d Includes one S. anginosus, one S. mitis, and one S. mutans isolate.

  • e Includes one B. caccae, one B. distasonis, and one B. ovatus isolate.

  • f Includes one Peptoniphilus asaccharolyticus, one P. harei, one Parvimonas micra, and one Anaerococcus prevotii isolate.

  • g Includes three A. neuii, three A. odonolyticus, two A. naeslundii, one A. meyeri, one A. viscosus, and one A. radingae isolate.

  • h Includes one C. amycolatum, one C. simulans, one C. propinquum, one Corynebacterium sp. group F1, and one C. afermentans.

  • i Includes one Candida parapsilosis, one Dermabacter hominis, one P. fluorescens, and one S. saccharolyticus isolate.