TABLE 3

Distribution of the sequence types of Kingella kingae by clinical syndromes

STaData by clinical syndromebAll syndromes (no.)c
CarriageOAIOccult bacteremiaEndocarditis
nOR (95% CI)PnOR (95% CI)PnOR (95% CI)PnOR (95% CI)P
6130.51 (0.24–1.02)0.04730NS11NS4NS60
1430.13 (0.02–0.41)<0.001323.66 (1.77–7.94)d<0.0016NS0NS45
22e4NS7NS2NS0NS13
23e5NS6NS3NS1NS16
24e4NS33NS39.89 (1.50–48.62)0.00913
2540.33 (0.08–0.99)0.035182.42 (1.02–6.09)0.030NS1NS28
354NS8NS3NS0NS16
Other725.54 (3.27–9.55)<0.001f490.50 (0.31–0.81)0.003124NS133
Total1061534013324
  • a ST, sequence type.

  • b OR, odds ratio; CI, confidence interval; OAI, osteoarticular infection; NS, not significant.

  • c All represented strains from carriage, OAI, occult bacteremia, endocarditis, skin and soft tissue, and unknown origins.

  • d Bold type represents significant positive association.

  • e Belonged to ST-23.

  • f Among these, other STs, including ST-3, ST-34, and ST-5 (P < 0.001) and ST-11 and ST-27 (P = 0.003), were positively associated with healthy carriage.