TABLE 4

Microbiological findings from cultures from invasive fungus-infected case woundsa

Microbiological characteristicMucoralesAspergillusFusariumOther moldsb
Total wounds with growth29241727
Coinfection with (no. [%])
    MucoralescNAd5 (21)5 (29)4 (15)
        Mucor spp.NA5 (21)4 (24)2 (7)
        Saksenaea vasiformisNA000
        Rhizopus spp.NA001 (4)
    Aspergillusc5 (17)NA5 (29)5 (19)
        A. terreus3 (10)NA3 (18)2 (7)
        A. flavus0NA01 (4)
        A. niger1 (3)NA2 (12)0
        A. fumigatus1 (3)NA00
    Fusarium5 (17)5 (21)NA2 (7)
    Candida spp.4 (14)3 (13)2 (12)5 (19)
    Staphylococcus aureuse3 (10)1 (4)00
        Methicillin-resistant S. aureus1 (3)1 (4)00
    Coagulase-negative Staphylococcus5 (17)2 (8)2 (12)5 (19)
    Enterococcus spp.18 (62)12 (50)9 (53)9 (33)
        Vancomycin-resistant enterococci1 (3)001 (4)
    Escherichia coli6 (21)7 (29)2 (12)7 (26)
    Klebsiella spp.1 (3)1 (4)01 (4)
    Pseudomonas aeruginosa5 (17)8 (33)3 (18)3 (11)
    Acinetobacter spp.10 (34)4 (17)5 (29)5 (19)
    Other Gram-negative rods5 (17)8 (33)5 (29)5 (19)
    Multidrug-resistant Gram-negative rods11 (38)8 (33)8 (47)11 (41)
  • a Cultures may have growth of more than one type of fungus. A total of 49 IFI case patients had wound cultures with fungal growth, while the other 5 case patients had histopathological fungal evidence with no mold isolated on culture.

  • b Other molds include unidentified molds (7; 26%), Mycelia sterilia (6; 22%), Alternaria spp. (5; 19%), Ulocladium spp. (4; 15%), Penicillium spp. (6; 22%), Acrophialophora fusispora (3; 11%), and Beauveria spp. (1; 4%).

  • c Wounds also grew mold that was not otherwise specified.

  • d NA, not applicable.

  • e Includes both methicillin-resistant and methicillin-susceptible.