Laboratory test results

Test resultNo. of patients/no. tested (%)
Positive urine culture104/264 (39)
    1 uropathogen only81/104 (78)
        Escherichia coli58
        Klebsiella species6
        Proteus species4
        Streptococcus agalactiae4
        Staphylococcus saprophyticus2
        Enterobacter species2
        Citrobacter species3
        Enterococcus species1
        Staphylococcus aureus1
    2 uropathogens only12/104 (12)
        Escherichia coli13
        Klebsiella species1
        Candida albicans1
        Streptococcus agalactiae2
        Acinetobacter species1
        Enterobacter species1
        Lactose fermenter1
        Enterococcus species2
        Staphylococcus aureus2
    1 or 2 uropathogens at >10× backgrounda11/104 (10)
        Escherichia coli5
        Klebsiella species1
        Streptococcus agalactiae1
        Enterococcus species5
Negative urine culture102/264 (39)
Contaminated urine culture58/264 (22)
Positive STI testb63
    Neisseria gonorrhoeae2/254 (1)
    Chlamydia trachomatis19/254 (7)
    Trichomonas vaginalisc42/254 (16)
Other positive genital tract test40
    Yeastd13/111 (12)
    Herpes simplex virus2/4 (50)
    Clue cells (≥20%)25/110 (23)
  • a One patient had two uropathogens at >10× the background.

  • b Three patients had two positive STI tests; 60 patients overall had at least one positive STI test.

  • c Two patients were positive for T. vaginalis in the absence of T. vaginalis NAAT, one identified by urine microscopy and the other on a wet mount. Two patients had a negative T. vaginalis NAAT with T. vaginalis seen on urine microscopy.

  • d One KOH test was done without a wet mount.