TABLE 3

Antibiotic resistance, distribution of SCCmec typing, agr group, and δ-hemolysin, clonal complex, and multilocus sequence typing among Staphylococcus lugdunensis isolates that cause health care- and community-associated infection

CharacteristicaNo. (%) forP value
Total (n = 129)Health care associated (n = 81)Community associated (n = 48)
Antibiotic resistance
    Penicillin87 (67.4)62 (76.5)25 (52.1)0.004b
    Oxacillin27 (20.9)26 (32.1)1 (2.1)<0.001c
    Clindamycin28 (21.7)19 (23.5)9 (18.8)0.529
    Erythromycin32 (24.8)22 (27.2)10 (20.8)0.424
    TMP-SMX3 (2.3)1 (1.2)2 (4.2)0.285
SCCmec type
    II5 (3.9)5 (6.2)00.078
    IV1 (0.8)1 (1.2)00.441
    V17 (13.2)17 (21.0)0<0.001c
    Vt2 (1.6)2 (2.5)00.271
    NT2 (1.6)1 (1.2)1 (2.1)0.703
agr type
    I57 (44.2)31 (38.3)26 (54.2)0.078
    II72 (55.8)50 (61.7)22 (45.8)0.078
δ-Hemolysin
    Negative10 (7.8)7 (8.6)3 (6.3)0.624
Clonal complex and MLST typing
    CC156 (43.4)
        ST62 (1.6)2 (2.5)00.271
        ST2511 (8.5)5 (6.2)6 (12.5)0.215
        ST4138 (29.5)24 (29.6)14 (29.2)0.841
        ST443 (2.3)03 (6.3)0.002b
        ST452 (1.6)02 (4.2)0.064
    CC22 (1.6)
        ST292 (1.6)1 (1.2)1 (1.2)0.703
    CC333 (25.6)
        ST3833 (25.6)27 (33.3)6 (12.5)0.009b
    CC412 (9.3)
        ST3312 (9.3)6 (7.4)6 (12.5)0.337
    CC71 (0.8)
        ST271 (0.8)01 (2.1)0.194
    CC822 (17.1)
        ST3615 (11.6)12 (14.8)3 (6.3)0.141
        ST397 (5.4)2 (2.5)5 (10.4)0.054
    Singletons
        ST433 (2.3)2 (2.5)1 (2.1)0.889
  • a TMP-SMX, trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole; NT, nontypeable; MLST, multilocus typing sequence typing.

  • b P < 0.01.

  • c P < 0.001.