TABLE 1

List of new fungal taxa recovered from human clinical material reported from January 2012 through December 2015

Species nameOrderSourceClinical relevanceReference
Apophysomyces mexicanus MucoralesNecrotizing fasciitisInfection 28
Aspergillus citrinoterreus EurotialesRespiratory tractInfection 29
Aspergillus novoparasiticus EurotialesSputumNot established 30
Aspergillus pragensis EurotialesNailInfection 31
Aspergillus tanneri EurotialesGastric abscess, lungInfection 32
Auxarthron ostraviense OnygenalesNailInfection 33
Blastomyces gilchristii OnygenalesVariousInfection 3
Candida mesorugosa SaccharomycetalesBloodInfection 12
Candida neorugosa SaccharomycetalesLeg woundInfection 13
Candida tunisiensis SaccharomycetalesMouthInfection 34
Coniochaeta polymorpha ConiochaetalesEndotracheal aspirateNot established 35
Curvularia americana PleosporalesBone marrow, nasal sinus, other sitesInfection 36
Curvularia chlamydospora PleosporalesNasal sinus, nailInfection 36
Curvularia hominis PleosporalesNasal sinus, eye, nail, other sitesInfection 36
Curvularia muehlenbeckiae PleosporalesChestInfection 36
Curvularia pseudolunata PleosporalesNasal sinusInfection 36
Exophiala hongkongensis ChaetothyrialesNailInfection 37
Exophiala polymorpha ChaetothyrialesSubcutaneous noduleInfection 38
Fonsecaea pugnacius ChaetothyrialesSkin, brainInfection 39
Fusarium keratoplasticum HypocrealesKeratitisInfection 40
Fusarium petroliphilum HypocrealesKeratitisInfection 40
Hongkongmyces pedis PleosporalesSubcutaneous noduleInfection 15
Lecythophora luteorubra ConiochaetalesLeg woundInfection 41
Madurella fahalii SordarialesBlack-grain eumycetomaInfection 42
Madurella pseudomycetomatis SordarialesBlack-grain eumycetomaInfection 42
Madurella tropicana SordarialesBlack-grain eumycetomaInfection 42
Microsporum aenigmaticum OnygenalesSkinInfection 43
Microsporum mirabile OnygenalesNot establishedInfection 44
Ochroconis olivacea VenturialesBronchoalveolar lavage fluidInfection 45
Ochroconis ramosa VenturialesBronchoalveolar lavage fluid, nail, skinInfection 45
Paracoccidioides lutzii OnygenalesVariousInfection 4
Phialemoniopsis cornearis SordarialesCorneal fluidInfection 41
Phialemoniopsis hongkongensis SordarialesSubcutaneous noduleInfection 46
Phialemoniopsis pluriloculosa SordarialesNailInfection 41
Phialemonium globosum SordarialesSinusInfection 41
Pleurostomophora ochracea DiaporthalesYellow-grain eumycetomaInfection 47
Pseudochaetosphaeronema martinelli PleosporalesSubcutaneous noduleInfection 48
Purpureocillium lavendulum HypocrealesBronchial washNot established 49
Rasamsonia aegroticola EurotialesBronchial secretionsNot establisheda 27
Rasamsonia piperina EurotialesBronchial secretionsNot establisheda 27
Trichophyton onychocola OnygenalesNailInfection 50
  • a Isolates were respiratory tract colonizers in cystic fibrosis patients.