TABLE 2

Malaria microscopy, UMT, blood-based malaria RDT (BinaxNow Pf/Pan), and urinalysis results of the study population

ParameterNo. of patients (%)b
Overall (n = 1,691)Febrile (n = 566)Afebrile (n = 1,125)
Positive malaria diagnostic tests
    Microscopy341 (20.2)204 (36)137 (12.2)
    UMT419 (25)231 (41)188 (17)
    BinaxNOW Pf676 (40)315 (56)361 (32)
    BinaxNOW Pan368 (22)224 (40)144 (13)
Parasite prevalence
    Detectable asexual stage parasites338 (20)203 (36)155 (14)
    Density (no. of parasites)a
        1–1992 (1)1 (0.5)1 (1)
        200–49916 (5)5 (2)11 (7)
        500–99920 (6)8 (4)12 (8)
        1,000–4 99970 (21)34 (17)36 (23)
        5,000–9 99944 (13)26 (13)18 (12)
        10,000–49 999109 (32)75 (37)34 (22)
        50,000+77 (23)54 (27)23 (15)
Urinalysis
    Leukocytes >15/µl189 (11)67 (12)182 (16)
    Presence of nitrites (mg/dl)22 (1)7 (1)15 (1)
    Urobilinogen of ≥1 mg/dl159 (9)67 (12)92 (8)
    Protein of >100 mg/dl73 (4)42 (7)31 (3)
    Ketone of >5 mg/dl344 (20)176 (31)168 (15)
    Bilirubin of ≥1 mg/dl159 (9)71 (13)88 (8)
    Glucose (mg/dl)21 (1)5 (1)16 (1)
    Blood (erythrocytes/µl)175 (10)77 (14)98 (9)
    pH
        <71,443 (85)493 (87)950 (84)
        7114 (7)45 (8)69 (6)
        >7130 (8)27 (5)103 (9)
    Specific gravity
         <1.010549 (32)158 (28)391 (35)
        1.011–1.020725 (43)264 (47)461 (41)
        >1.021414 (24)144 (25)270 (24)
  • a Asexual parasite stage only.

  • b Percentages in subcategories of parasite density were calculated as number of patients in the density subcategory/total number of patients with detectable asexual parasites.