Table 1.

Distribution of 9,243 pneumococcal strains according to source, age, and penicillin resistance in Spain from 1990 to 1996 No. (%) Penr

Strain group and sourceStrains detected in:
Patients of all agesChildren (0–14 yr)Adults (>14 yr)Patients of unknown age (total)
TotalNo. (%) PenrTotalNo. (%) PenrTotalNo. (%) Penr
Invasive
 Blood3,3191,143 (34.4)424216 (50.9)2,160681 (31.5)735
 CSF384166 (43.2)804623389 (38.2)71
 LRTa 1,017551 (54.2)7654754395 (52.4)187
  Total4,7201,860 (39.4)580316 (54.5)3,1471,165 (37.0)993
Noninvasive
 Sputum1,447863 (59.6)44261,145669 (58.4)258
 Ear691426 (61.6)512325 (63.5)10754 (50.5)72
 Nose492332 (67.5)386265 (68.7)644042
 Eye668396 (59.3)368244 (66.3)20095 (47.5)100
 Pharynx447238 (53.2)343175 (51.0)332371
 Pus14785 (57.8)3326914623
  Total3,8922,340 (60.1)1,6861,061 (62.9)1,640927 (56.5)
Otherb 63132712974300134202
  Total9,2434,527 (49.0)2,3951,451 (60.6)5,0872,226 (43.7)1,761
  • a LRT includes strains isolated from pleural fluid transtracheal puncture, bronchial protected brush, and pulmonary biopsy specimens.

  • b No data (237 strains) and miscellaneous, (394 strains isolated from peritoneum, articular fluid, urine, vagina, Bartholin’s gland, and catheter specimens).