Table 1.

Legionella strains and genotypic identification

Speciesa and strain no.Strain type or source% tDNA-ILP pattern similarity with type or reference strain (species)a,b
Best matchSecond-best match
L. anisa
 CIP 103870c Type strain
 Lyon 1A32d Environmental strain96 (L. anisa)85 (L. dumoffii)
 CH47-C1d Unknown99 (L. anisa)91 (L. dumoffii)
L. bozemaniisg 1
 NCTC 11368e Type strain
 LY 86.88d Clinical strain95 (L. bozemanii sg 1)90 (L. parisiensis)
L. bozemanii sg 2
 NCTC 11975e Reference strain
 LBA Pd Clinical strain92 (L. bozemanii sg 2)85 (L. anisa)
 4R2f Environmental strain94 (L. bozemanii sg 2)90 (L. anisa)
 8R4f Environmental strain91 (L. bozemanii sg 2)84 (L. anisa)
L. cincinnatiensis
 CIP 103875c Type strain
L. dumoffii
 NCTC 11370e Type strain
 92101226d Clinical strain95 (L. dumoffii)88 (L. anisa)
 Toulon 23-6d Environmental strain96 (L. dumoffii)88 (L. anisa)
 Le. 2 F10d Environmental strain93 (L. dumoffii)86 (L. anisa)
L. feeleii sg 1
 NCTC 12022e Type strain
 Ly 126.92Bd Clinical strain91 (L. feeleii sg 1)60 (L. anisa)
 Ly 166.96d Clinical strain95 (L. feeleii sg 1)72 (L. parisiensis)
L. feeleii sg 2
 NCTC 11978e Reference strain
L. gormanii
 NCTC 11401e Type strain
 Gr9-C3d Environmental strain98 (L. gormanii)92 (L. bozemaniisg 1)
L. hackeliae sg 1
 CIP 103844c Type strain
L. hackeliae sg 2
 CIP 105112c Reference strain
L. jordanis
 NCTC 11533b Type strain
L. lansingensis
 CIP 103542c Type strain
L. longbeachae sg 1
 NCTC 11477e Type strain
 LBA SV 2942f Clinical strain96 (L. longbeachae sg 1)91 (L. sainthelensi sg 2)
 88010337d Clinical strain94 (L. longbeachae sg 1)84 (L. parisiensis)
L. longbeachae sg 2
 NCTC 11530e Reference strain
L. maceachernii
 CIP 103846c Type strain
L. micdadei
 NCTC 11371e Type strain
 93101936d Clinical strain98 (L. micdadei)77 (L. sainthelensi sg 2)
 Toulon 26-Vc,d Environmental strain96 (L. micdadei)81 (L. sainthelensi sg 2)
 Ly 106.91d Clinical strain94 (L. micdadei)83 (L. sainthelensi sg 2)
L. oakridgensis
 NCTC 11531e Type strain
 Nantes IV-2d Environmental strain96 (L. oakridgensis)63 (L. sainthelensi sg 2)
L. parisiensis
 CIP 103847c Type strain
 96010011d Clinical strain94 (L. parisiensis)89 (L. sainthelensi sg 2)
L. pneumophila pneumophila sg 1
 ATCC 33152g Type strain
 LBA SV 2947f Clinical strain94 (L. pneumophila sg 14)92 (L. pneumophila sg 8)
 FP SV 2955f Clinical strain91 (L. pneumophila sg 10)89 (L. pneumophila sg 9)
 LP SV 2966f Clinical strain90 (L. pneumophila sg 9)89 (L. pneumophila sg 1)
 LBA SV 2970f Clinical strain94 (L. pneumophila sg 10)92 (L. pneumophila sg 9)
 LBA SV 2998f Clinical strain94 (L. pneumophila sg 10)91 (L. pneumophila sg 8)
L. pneumophila sg 2
 CIP 103856c Reference strain
 Durd Clinical strain95 (L. pneumophila sg 10)94 (L. pneumophila sg 14)
 Mald Clinical strain92 (L. pneumophila sg 10)90 (L. pneumophila sg 9)
 Gerd Clinical strain94 (L. pneumophila sg 10)93 (L. pneumophila sg 14)
L. pneumophila sg 3
 CIP 103857c Reference strain
 Cour 8R3f Environmental strain92 (L. pneumophila sg 10)91 (L. pneumophila sg 9)
 Cour 10R3f Environmental strain93 (L. pneumophila sg 3)90 (L. pneumophila sg 1)
 Sen 20f Environmental strain92 (L. pneumophila sg 10)93 (L. pneumophila sg 9)
 Boud Clinical strain91 (L. pneumophila sg 10)91 (L. pneumophila sg 14)
 Rud Clinical strain90 (L. pneumophila sg 10)89 (L. pneumophila sg 9)
 Rod Clinical strain92 (L. pneumophila sg 8)92 (L. pneumophila sg 14)
 11Aixh Environmental strain93 (L. pneumophila sg 3)90 (L. pneumophila sg 1)
 18NICLauClinical strain91 (L. pneumophila sg 14)90 (L. pneumophila sg 1)
 Cour 1R1f Environmental strain93 (L. pneumophila sg 10)93 (L. pneumophila sg 14)
L. pneumophila fraseri sg 4
 ATCC 33156g Type strain
 20CHALyonClinical strain92 (L. pneumophila sg 14)90 (L. pneumophila sg 8)
 14AngouEnvironmental strain93 (L. pneumophilasg 14)87 (L. pneumophila sg 8)
 S1d,i Clinical strain91 (L. pneumophila sg 14)90 (L. pneumophila sg 8)
 S4d,i Clinical strain90 (L. pneumophila sg 10)89 (L. pneumophila sg 14)
 S5d,i Clinical strain93 (L. pneumophila sg 14)91 (L. pneumophila sg 3)
 1Savj Environmental strain90 (L. pneumophila sg 10)89 (L. pneumophila sg 14)
 2Savj Environmental strain93 (L. pneumophila sg 14)91 (L. pneumophila sg 10)
 12Diepj Environmental strain90 (L. pneumophila sg 1)89 (L. pneumophila sg 3)
 19SERPaui Clinical strain83 (L. pneumophila sg 4)82 (L. pneumophila sg 5)
L. pneumophila pascullei sg 5
 ATCC 33735g Type strain
 LBA SV 2969f Clinical strain94 (L. pneumophila sg 9)93 (L. pneumophila sg 10)
L. pneumophila sg 6
 NCTC 11287e Reference strain
 Cour 2Rf Environmental strain91 (L. pneumophila sg 14)90 (L. pneumophila sg 10)
 Cour 8R1f Environmental strain90 (L. pneumophila sg 9)89 (L. pneumophila sg 10)
 Cour 10R3f Environmental strain93 (L. pneumophila sg 10)92 (L. pneumophila sg 9)
 Exp SV 2998f Clinical strain92 (L. pneumophila sg 10)91 (L. pneumophila sg 14)
 3NeuEnvironmental strain91 (L. pneumophila sg 10)92 (L. pneumophila sg 14)
 4NeuEnvironmental strain90 (L. pneumophila sg 10)89 (L. pneumophila sg 1)
 5NeuEnvironmental strain91 (L. pneumophila sg 10)90 (L. pneumophila sg 3)
 6NeuEnvironmental strain90 (L. pneumophila sg 10)89 (L. pneumophila sg 1)
 7NeuEnvironmental strain90 (L. pneumophila sg 1)89 (L. pneumophila sg 3)
 10PoiEnvironmental strain93 (L. pneumophila sg 14)87 (L. pneumophila sg 8)
 Exp SV 2994f Clinical strain92 (L. pneumophila sg 14)91 (L. pneumophila sg 10)
L. pneumophila sg 7
 NCTC 11984e Reference strain
L. pneumophila sg 8
 NCTC 11985e Reference strain
 13DiepEnvironmental strain90 (L. pneumophilasg 10)89 (L. pneumophila sg 9)
 8Hoek Environmental strain92 (L. pneumophila sg 14)87 (L. pneumophila sg 10)
 9Hoek Environmental strain91 (L. pneumophila sg 10)87 (L. pneumophila sg 9)
L. pneumophila sg 9
 NCTC 11986e Reference strain
 17BalaEnvironmental strain93 (L. pneumophilasg 14)89 (L. pneumophila sg 3)
L. pneumophila sg 10
 NCTC 12000e Reference strain
 LBA SV 2984d Clinical strain92 (L. pneumophila sg 10)81 (L. pneumophila sg 3)
 15Balal Environmental strain93 (L. pneumophila sg 14)97 (L. pneumophila sg 8)
 16Renl Environmental strain94 (L. pneumophila sg 14)88 (L. pneumophila sg 10)
L. pneumophila sg 11
 NCTC 12179e Reference strain
L. pneumophila sg 12
 NCTC 12180e Reference strain
L. pneumophila sg 13
 NCTC 12181e Reference strain
L. pneumophila sg 14
 NCTC 12174e Reference strain
L. sainthelensi sg 2
 CIP 105115c Reference strain
 97010302c BALf 78 (L. sainthelensi sg 2)73 (L. longbeachae sg 1)
L. tucsonensis
 CIP 105113c Type strain
L. wadsworthii
 NCTC 11532e Type strain
  • a sg, serogroup.

  • b tDNA-ILP types are shown as in Fig. 1.

  • c CIP, Collection of Bacterial Strains of Institut Pasteur, Paris, France.

  • d Strains identified by biochemical tests, DFA, cell wall composition protein profile, RAPD, ISR, and DNA-DNA hybridization analysis.

  • e NCTC, National Collection of Type Cultures, London, United Kingdom.

  • f Strains identified by biochemical tests, DFA, and cell wall composition analysis.

  • g ATCC, American Type Culture Collection, Rockville, Md.

  • h Unidentified serogroup 3 or 6.

  • i Unidentified serogroup 4, 8, or 10.

  • j Unidentified serogroup 4 or 10.

  • k Unidentified serogroup 8 or 10.

  • l Unidentified serogroup 10 or 13.