Table 2.

Relationship between C. trachomatis infection and risk factorsa

VariableCrude ORb (95% CI)Adjusted ORc (95% CI)
Laboratory diagnoses
N. gonorrhoeae0.81 (0.40–1.63)0.81 (0.38–1.70)
T. vaginalis1.13 (0.69–1.86)1.28 (0.73–2.25)
 Syphilis1.03 (0.67–1.56)1.10 (0.68–1.78)
 HIVd0.88 (0.59–1.33)0.75 (0.44–1.29)
 Any STDe1.01 (0.73–1.40)0.97 (0.67–1.42)
G. vaginalis0.87 (0.59–1.29)1.02 (0.65–1.59)
 Yeast infection0.26 (0.92–0.75)0.28 (0.10–0.83)
Condom use
 Always1.001.00
 Sometimes0.80 (0.57–1.13)0.87 (0.59–1.31)
 Never0.59 (0.23–1.49)0.74 (0.26–2.16)
Clients (per 10 clients/wk)1.30 (1.04–1.62)1.37 (1.06–1.77)
Age at registration (yr)
 ≤241.001.00
 25–270.59 (0.36–0.97)0.69 (0.39–1.21)
 28–321.14 (0.75–1.74)1.25 (0.76–2.05)
 >321.08 (0.69–1.67)1.01 (0.58–1.77)
Registered prostitution (yr)
 ≤11.001.00
 2–61.31 (0.83–2.06)1.18 (0.70–2.00)
 7–131.39 (0.88–2.20)1.48 (0.85–2.58)
 >131.38 (0.87–2.20)1.44 (0.80–2.60)
Nationality
 Senegalese1.001.00
 Other1.00 (0.68–1.46)1.10 (0.65–1.84)
  • a OR and AOR values in boldface are statistically significant (P < 0.05).

  • b Univariate analysis by χ2 test.

  • c Multivariate analysis by logistic regression including all variables listed in this table was performed on data from 563 subjects.

  • d HIV includes HIV-1, HIV-2, and dual infections.

  • e Any STD includes any infection with N. gonorrhoeae, T. vaginalis, syphilis, or HIV.