Table 1.

Specimens analyzed by the 23S rDNA PCR and culture as well as the number and percentage of positive results for various sample types

SpecimenNo. (%) of specimens
Analyzed23S rDNA PCR positiveCulture positivea
Biopsy
 Bone295 (17)4 (14)
 Heart valve83 (38)1 (13)
 Other or not defined264 (15)5 (19)
 Subtotal6312 (19)10 (16)
Body fluids
 Cerebrospinal fluid25315 (6)32 (13)
 Amniotic fluid367 (19)4 (11)
 Synovial fluid456 (13)6 (13)
 Pleural fluid588 (14)10 (17)
 Ascitic fluid62 (33)1 (17)
 Pericardial fluid701 (14)
 Bone marrow400
 Other or not defined63 (50)2 (33)
 Subtotal41541 (10)55 (13)
Abscesses5820 (35)23 (40)
Total53673 (14)88 (16)
  • a Cultures yielding any bacteria, including those subsequently designated as contamination.