TABLE 1

Characteristics of enrolled mothers and newborn infants

VariableNo. (%)P
GBS carriageNo GBS carriage
Maternal age (n = 1,151)0.40
    <18 yr (n = 17 [1.5%])4 (23.5)13 (76.5)
    18–35 yr (n = 1,131 [98.2%])167 (14.7)964 (85.3)
    >35 yr (n = 3 [0.3%])1 (33.3)2 (66.6)
Educational level (n = 1,151)0.75
    No schooling (n = 28 [2.5%])4 (14.2)24 (85.8)
    Less than primary (n = 75 [6.5%])14 (18.7)61 (81.3)
    Primary-secondary (n = 889 [77.2%])133 (14.9)756 (85.1)
    More than secondary (n = 159 [13.8%])21 (13.2)138 (86.8)
Gestational age (n = 1,151)0.94
    >37 wk (n = 702 [61%])103 (14.7)599 (85.3)
    34–37 wk (n = 270 [23.5%])42 (15.6)228 (84.4)
    <34 wk (n = 179 [15.5%])27 (15)152 (85)
How many times pregnant (n = 1,151)0.18
    1 (n = 513 [44.5%])87 (17)426 (83)
    2 or 3 (n = 582 [50.5%])76 (13)506 (87)
    >3 (n = 56 [5%])9 (16)47 (84)
Antibiotic during pregnancy (n = 1,151)0.76
    Yes (n = 13 [1%])2 (15.4)11 (84.6)
    No (n = 1,125 [98%])169 (15)956 (85)
    Unknown (n = 13 [1%])1 (7.7)12 (92.3)
Delivery method (n = 1,151)0.34
    Normal (n = 409 [35.5%])68 (16.6)341 (83.4)
    Cesarean (n = 322 [28%])41 (12.7)281 (87.3)
    Unknown (only ANC) (n = 420 [36.5%])63 (15)357 (85)
Birth weight (n = 390)0.13
    <2,500 g (n = 73 [18.7%])2 (2.7)71 (97.3)
    >2,500 g (n = 317 [81.3%])27 (8.5)290 (91.5)
Newborn infant sex (n = 390)0.38
    Male (n = 212 [54.4%])18 (8.5)194 (91.5)
    Female (n = 178 [45.6%])11 (6.2)167 (93.8)