Table 1.

Testing panels

Test panelArboviruses includeda
Western United StatesWEE, SLE, LAC, CE,b VEE,cDEN,c WN
Eastern United StatesEEE, SLE, LAC, DEN,dEVE,d,e POW,fWN
EuropeSIN, TAH, POW/TBE,g WN
Central America and CaribbeanWEE, EEE, VEE, MAY, SLE, DEN
South AmericaWEE, EEE, VEE, MAY, SLE, YF, DEN
AfricaCHIK, SIN, YF, DEN, TAH, WN
Australia and OceaniaRR, BF, SIN, DEN, MVE
Asia and Middle EastCHIK, SIN, JE, POW/TBE, DEN, SSH, WN
  • a Virus abbreviations: WEE, western equine encephalitis; CE, California encephalitis; VEE, Venezuelan equine encephalitis; DEN, dengue, EVE, Everglades; POW, Powassan; SIN, Sindbis; TAH, Tahyna; TBE, tick-borne encephalitis; MAY, Mayaro; YF, yellow fever; CHIK, Chikungunya; RR, Ross River; BF, Barhmah Forest; MVE, Murray Valley encephalitis; JE, Japanese encephalitis; SSH, snowshoe hare, West Nile.

  • b California only.

  • c Texas only.

  • d Florida only.

  • e Subtype of Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus.

  • f Only along the eastern coast of the United States.

  • g Powassan virus and tick-borne encephalitis virus are closely related and cross-reactive. Tick-borne encephalitis virus antigen is not available in the United States; therefore, Powassan virus antigen is substituted.