TABLE 1

Cohort characteristics for clients entered into the statistical analysisa

CharacteristicValue
Demographics
    Age (mean years [range])34 (18–60)
    Male sex (n [%])127 (62)
Clinical signs and symptoms at presentation (n [%])
    Weight loss204 (99)
    Fever205 (99)
    Cough for >2 weeks204 (99)
    Night sweats203 (99)
HIV-related information
    HIV positive (n [%])151 (73)
    HIV negative (n [%])48 (23)
    Unknown (n [%])7 (3)
    CD4 count (mean cells/μl [range])226 (4–1,140)
    On antiretrovirals (n [%])29 (19)
TB history (n [%])
    Previously diagnosed with TB30 (15)
    Previous TB treatment completed27 (96)
Bacteriological classification (n [%])
    Smear and culture positive27 (13)
    Smear negative and culture positive35 (17)
    Smear and culture negative129 (63)
    Smear negative and culture contaminated13 (6)
    Smear positive and culture negative2 (1)
Clinical classification (n [%])
    Definite TB74 (36)
    Possible TB11 (5.5)
    Probable TB9 (4.5)
    Indeterminate TB (on TB drugs)4 (2)
    No TB108 (52)
  • a Total of 206 study participants.