Table 1.

Serogroup, serotype, antibiotic susceptibility, PCR assay, and source of 239 isolates of Salmonella used in this study

SerogroupSerotypenACSSuTa162-bp ampliconbSource
+
ABlockley1S1Frog
Senftenberg2S2Bovine, feed
B4,12 Monophasic1S1Bovine
Agona4S4Bovine, canine
Arizona2S2Bovine, ovine
Brandenburg1S1Porcine
Bredeney4S4Bovine, feed
California1S1Bovine
Derby2S2Cheetah
Heidelberg23S22Bovine
R1Cheetah
Infantis1S1Bovine
Java2S2Cheetah
Reading2S2Canine, mink
Saint Paul1S1Bovine
Typhimurium146S117Bovine, emu, feline, human
R245Bovine, coyote, elk, human
CBlockley2S2Bovine
Cholerasuis1S1Bovine
Hadar2S2Bovine, canine
Istanbul2S2Avian
Johannesburg1S1Canine
Lille3S3Bovine
Tennessee1S1Canine
C1Infantis2S2Bovine, porcine
Mbandka2S2Bovine
Montevideo1S1Bovine
Newport1S1Bovine
Thompson2S2Bovine
C2Blockley2S2Bovine
Hadar2S2Canine, mink
Muenchen2S11Equine, iguana
Newport2R2Bovine
DBerta1S1Bovine
Dublin9S8Bovine
R1Bovine
Enteritidis3S11Hedgehog, canine
R1Equine
Loma Linda1S1Squirrel
EAnatam2S1Equine
R1Equine
Given2S2Bovine, opossum
  • a R and S, resistance (R) to ampicillin, chloramphenicol, streptomycin, sulfonamides, and tetracycline or susceptibility (S) to one or more of these antibiotics.

  • b + and −, presence (+) or absence (−) of a 162-bp product following amplification with primers DT104F and DT104R.