Table 1.

Recent taxonomic changes among Actinomyces and closely related genera from human sources

YearCurrent namePrevious nomenclature or taxonomic positionSourceReference
1994Actinomyces neuii subsp.anitratusCDC group 1 coryneformAbscess, blood7
1994Actinomyces neuii subsp.neuiiCDC group 1-like coryneformAbscess, blood7
1995Actinomyces radingaeA. pyogenes-like (APL1)Polymicrobial infection27
1995Actinomyces turicensisA. pyogenes-like (APL10)Polymicrobial infection27
1995Actinomyces europaeusNew speciesAbscess6
1997Actinomyces graevenitziiNew speciesRespiratory tract19
2000Actinomyces radicidentisNew speciesOral cavity4
2000Actinomyces urogenitalisNew speciesUrogenital tract16
2001Actinomyces funkeiNew speciesBlood12
1997Actinobaculum schaliiNew speciesBlood11
1997Arcanobacterium bernardiaeActinomyces bernardiaeAbscess, blood18
1997Arcanobacterium pyogenesActinomyces pyogenesPolymicrobial infection18