Table 5.

Sensitivity and specificity of the LEPTO dipstick assay in the acute phase of disease for groups of serum samples for which the exact duration of the disease was not reported

Country% Sensitivity (95% confidence interval)% Specificity (95% confidence interval)
Kenya99.4 (96–100)
Philippines92.5 (81–98)88.9 (64–98)
Surinam
 Study I88.2 (74–95)80.0 (72–86)
 Study II94.1 (83–99)86.2 (76–96)
Mean (SD)91.6 (2.5)88.6 (7.0)